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Brazil CO2 Emissions

Land use change is the main driving force of global environmental change


According to Brazil’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation System (SEEG), Brazil emitted 2.42 billion tons of CO2e.  The figure represents an increase of 12.2% compared to 2020 (2, 16 billion tons).  In 2003, Brazil hit 3.02 billion tons of CO2e: that year, the increase was 20%, driven by the explosion of deforestation in the Amazon, which accounted for 77% of emissions from land use changes [CSC, 2022]Figure 1 shows  Brazil GHG emissions by sector in 2018.  Figure 2 shows Brazil GHG emissions estimates and Figure 3 Brazil's GHG emissions by state.

Brazil's GHG emissions increase


In 2021, emissions from deforestation were also the main responsible for the increase: emissions from land use change & forests rose by 18.5%.  The destruction of Brazilian biomes emitted 1.19 billion tons last year (more than Japan) against 1 billion tons in 2020 [CSC, 2022].


In the case of agriculture, the second sector that most emitted GHG, the biggest villain is cattle belching. According to a survey by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), in 2021 Brazil reached 224.6 million: carbon sequestration, where CO2 from the atmosphere is transformed into oxygen through degraded pasture & crops treatment, can contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions [CSC, 2022].

Figure 1:  Brazil's GHG emissions by sector (2018)

Brazil emissions.png

Figure 2: Brazil's GHG emissions estimates


Figure 3:  Brazil's GHG emissions by state

Fig 2 Brasil Emmi
Fig 1 Gnitrobal GHG Emissons
Fig 3 Emissions by BRL states
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