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Brazil CO2 Emissions

Land use change is the main driving force of global environmental change

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According to Brazil’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation System (SEEG), Brazil emitted 2.42 billion tons of CO2e.  The figure represents an increase of 12.2% compared to 2020 (2, 16 billion tons).  In 2003, Brazil hit 3.02 billion tons of CO2e: that year, the increase was 20%, driven by the explosion of deforestation in the Amazon, which accounted for 77% of emissions from land use changes [CSC, 2022]Figure 1 shows  Brazil GHG emissions by sector in 2018.  Figure 2 shows Brazil GHG emissions estimates and Figure 3 Brazil's GHG emissions by state.

Brazil's GHG emissions increase

 

In 2021, emissions from deforestation were also the main responsible for the increase: emissions from land use change & forests rose by 18.5%.  The destruction of Brazilian biomes emitted 1.19 billion tons last year (more than Japan) against 1 billion tons in 2020 [CSC, 2022].

  

In the case of agriculture, the second sector that most emitted GHG, the biggest villain is cattle belching. According to a survey by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), in 2021 Brazil reached 224.6 million: carbon sequestration, where CO2 from the atmosphere is transformed into oxygen through degraded pasture & crops treatment, can contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions [CSC, 2022].

Figure 1:  Brazil's GHG emissions by sector (2018)

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Figure 2: Brazil's GHG emissions estimates

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Figure 3:  Brazil's GHG emissions by state

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Fig 2 Brasil Emmi
Fig 1 Gnitrobal GHG Emissons
Fig 3 Emissions by BRL states
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